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Jawari introduction

Origin of Jawari

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Bridge
Sagar veena

Saraswati-vina

brass bridge

Sagar Veen bridge

Other flat bridged instruments

We have already mentioned the various North Indian lutes such as tanpura, sitar, surbahar, rudra-vina, etc. In South India we have the famous Saraswati-vina with its brass flat bridge, and the tanjore tanpura.

New in the world of Indian music is the recent development of a new instrument in Pakistan. The Sagar Veena is an unfretted stringed instrument. It consists of nine playing strings and two drone chords, a wooden bridge with silver (never used before in any string instrument) and individual jawari.  Each string has its own bridge as seen in the photo below.
We can see that outside of India the flat bridge is used too, and other jawari variations have been applied to create the overtonnes and the buzzing sound that is required.